|Fashion Design |
Fashion Designers |
Floral Designers |
Graphic Designers |
Interior Designers |
Commercial and Industrial Designers
This Page Gives
Vast Information About Online Degree in Fashion Design - Interior Design, Merchandising Degrees
and Certificates Bachelor degrees in fashion design, apparel manufacturing, merchandise marketing, theatre costume
design, costume design, rubber design, footwear design, shoe design as well as certificate programs in TV costume
design, textile design, cosmetics, fragrance.
Fashion design is
the applied art dedicated to the creation of wearing
apparel and lifestyle.
Three out of 10 fashion designers are self-employed almost 5 times the proportion for all professional and
Creativity is crucial in all design occupations; most designers need a bachelor's degree,
and candidates with a master's degree hold an advantage.
Keen competition is expected for most jobs, despite
projected faster-than-average employment growth, because many talented individuals are attracted to careers as
Fashion Designers are people with a desire to create. They combine practical knowledge with
artistic ability to turn abstract ideas into formal designs for the merchandise we buy, the clothes we wear, the
publications we read, and the living and office space we inhabit. Fashion Designers usually specialize in a
particular area of design, such as automobiles, industrial or medical equipment, or home appliances; clothing and
textiles; floral arrangements; publications, logos, signage, or movie or TV credits; interiors of homes (interior
design) or office buildings; merchandise displays; or movie, television, and theater sets.
The first step in
developing a new design or altering an existing one is to determine the needs of the client, the ultimate function
for which the design is intended, and its appeal to customers. When creating a design, designers often begin by
researching the desired design characteristics, such as size, shape, weight, color, materials used, cost, ease of
use, fit, and safety.
Designers then prepare sketches by hand or with the aid of a computer to illustrate the
vision for the design. After consulting with the client, an art or design director, or a product development team,
the designer create detailed designs using drawings, a structural model, computer simulations, or a full-scale
prototype. Many designers increasingly are using computer-aided design (CAD) tools to create and better visualize the
final product. Computer models allow greater ease and flexibility in exploring a greater number of design
alternatives, thus reducing design costs and cutting the time it takes to deliver a product to market. Industrial
designers use computer-aided industrial design (CAID) tools to create designs and machine-readable instructions that
communicate with automated production tools.
Designers sometimes supervise assistants who carry out their
creations. Designers who run their own businesses also may devote a considerable amount of time to developing new
business contacts, reviewing equipment and space needs, and performing administrative tasks, such as reviewing
catalogues and ordering samples. Design encompasses a number of different fields. Many designers specialize in a
particular area of design, whereas others work in more than one area.
Commercial and industrial designers including designers of commercial products and equipment, develop countless manufactured products, including
airplanes; cars; children's toys; computer equipment; furniture; home appliances; and medical, office, and
recreational equipment. They combine artistic talent with research on product use, customer needs, marketing,
materials, and production methods to create the most functional and appealing design that will be competitive with
others in the marketplace. Industrial designers typically concentrate in an area of sub-specialization such as
kitchen appliances, auto interiors, or plastic-molding machinery.
Fashion designers design clothing and
accessories. Some high-fashion designers are self-employed and design for individual clients. Other high fashion
designers cater to specialty stores or high fashion department stores. These designers create original garments, as
well as those that follow established fashion trends. Most fashion designers, however, work for apparel
manufacturers, creating designs of men's, women's, and children's fashions for the mass market.
floral designers cut and arrange live, dried, or artificial flowers and foliage into designs, according to the customer's
order. They trim flowers and arrange bouquets, sprays, wreaths, dish gardens, and terrariums. They usually work from
a written order indicating the occasion, customer preference for color and type of flower, price, the time at which
the floral arrangement or plant is to be ready, and the place to which it is to be delivered. The variety of duties
performed by floral designers depends on the size of the shop and the number of designers employed. In a small
operation, floral designers may own their shops and do almost everything, from growing and purchasing flowers to
keeping financial records.
Graphic designers use a variety of print, electronic, and film media to create
designs that meet clients' commercial needs. Using computer software, they develop the overall layout and design of
magazines, newspapers, journals, corporate reports, and other publications. They also may produce promotional
displays and marketing brochures for products and services, design distinctive company logos for products and
businesses, and develop signs and signage systems called environmental graphics for business and government. An
increasing number of graphic designers develop material to appear on Internet home pages. Graphic designers also
produce the credits that appear before and after television programs and movies.
Interior designers plan the
space and furnish the interiors of private homes, public buildings, and business or institutional facilities, such as
offices, restaurants, retail establishments, hospitals, hotels, and theaters. They also plan the interiors when
existing structures are renovated or expanded. Most interior designers specialize. For example, some may concentrate
in residential design, and others may further specialize by focusing on particular rooms, such as kitchens or baths.
With a client's tastes, needs, and budget in mind, interior designers prepare drawings and specifications for
non-load bearing interior construction, furnishings, lighting, and finishes. Increasingly, designers use computers to
plan layouts, which can easily be changed to include ideas received from the client. Interior designers also design
lighting and architectural details such as crown molding, built-in bookshelves, or cabinets coordinate colors, and
select furniture, floor coverings, and window treatments. Interior designers must design interior space to conform to
Federal, State, and local laws, including building codes. Designs for public areas also must meet accessibility
standards for the disabled and elderly.
Merchandise displayers and window dressers, or visual merchandisers,
plan and erect commercial displays, such as those in windows and interiors of retail stores or at trade exhibitions.
Those who work on building exteriors erect major store decorations, including building and window displays, and spot
lighting. Those who design store interiors outfit store departments, arrange table displays, and dress mannequins. In
large retail chains, store layouts typically are designed corporately, through a central design department. To retain
the chain's visual identity and ensure that a particular image or theme is promoted in each store, designs are
distributed to individual stores by e-mail, downloaded to computers equipped with the appropriate design software,
and adapted to meet individual store size and dimension requirements. Set and exhibit designers create sets for
movie, television, and theater productions and design special exhibition displays. Set designers study scripts,
confer with directors and other designers, and conduct research to determine the appropriate historical period,
fashion, and architectural styles. They then produce sketches or scale models to guide in the construction of the
actual sets or exhibit spaces. Exhibit designers work with curators, art and museum directors, and trade show
sponsors to determine the most effective use of available space. Many merchandising designers have a bachelor or
master degree in visual communications.
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, Fashion Design , Floral Designers